Anyone who has lost the historical symbols and cannot be satisfied with substitutes is certainly in a very difficult position today: before him there yawns the void, and he turns away from it in horror.  What is worse, the vacuum gets filled with absurd political and social ideas, which one and all are distinguished by their spiritual bleakness.

Carl Jung, M.D., in Answer to Job

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According to Joseph Campbell, ” … every failure to cope with a life situation must be laid, in the end, to restriction of consciousness.” 

For Jung, those without familiarity with the ageless symbols that serve as guideposts in life often resort to political and social ideas characterized by spiritual bleakness.  Campbell would identify in this as living with a constricted consciousness.  The point being that when symbols are lost, one’s consciousness is limited, life experience is narrowed and in that frame absurd ideas are come forth.

In our present moment we might ask: Is this so?